Scott Richard Winter

Assistant Professor of School of Graduate Studies
School of Graduate Studies (SGS)
Daytona College of Aviation
Daytona Beach campus

Areas of Expertise

Consumer Perceptions, Aviation Safety, Human Factors, Research Methods, Statistics


Dr. Scott R. Winter is an Assistant Professor of Graduate Studies in the School of Graduate Studies, College of Aviation at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach. His primary responsibilities involve teaching graduate level courses in research methods, quantitative data analysis, and qualitative data analysis.

Dr. Winter maintains an active research agenda, which focuses on pilot decision-making and consumer perceptions toward automation. His recent focus has been dealing with urban air mobility (UAM) and autonomous air taxis. He has authored/co-authored over 50 peer-refereed journal articles, over 80 conference proceedings, and conducted more than $700,000 in external funding. He is currently working with 8 Ph.D. students as their dissertation chair, and he serves as a committee member on six other dissertation committees.

Dr. Winter completed his Ph.D. in the Aviation Technology department at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana (2013) and his undergraduate and master’s degree at Minnesota State University, Mankato. His Bachelor’s degree was in professional flight with a minor in geography (2005), and his Master’s degree was in Cross-Disciplinary Studies (2006) with emphasis areas on aviation and education.

For his time in industry, Dr. Winter was employed with Cirrus Aircraft in Duluth, Minnesota from October 2006 until December 2009. While employed with Cirrus, he worked as a member of the Flight Standards and Operations Department. In that role, he served as a company check airman and provided initial and recurrent training to company pilots. Dr. Winter also wrote a monthly website called Pilot’s World that addressed safety and pilot training issues. His time at Cirrus offered him the opportunity to gain experience working for one of the world’s leading general aviation manufacturers and to fly one of the most advanced single-engine piston aircraft. He completed international training at Cirrus where he flew training missions in South Africa, Australia, Brazil, the Caribbean, England, France, Germany, and Poland.


  • Ph.D. - Doctor of Philosophy in Technology, Purdue University System : Purdue University
  • M.S. - Master of Science in Cross Disciplinary Studies: Aviation, Minnesota State University Mankato
  • B.S. - Bachelor of Science in Professional Flight, Minnesota State University Mankato

  • CFI - Certified Flight Instructor
  • ATP - Airline Transport Pilot

DAV 721 - Quantitative Research Methods in Aviation

MSA 662 - Statistical Analysis for Aviation and Aerospace

DAV 725 - Research Methods

DAV 733 - Globalization and the Aviation Environment


Recent Peer-Refereed Journal Publications (last 50) (* denotes student author):

  1. Winter, S. R. (Accepted). Government seat pitch regulation of commercial airlines: A multi-study of consumer perceptions. Collegiate Aviation Review International.
  2. *Milner, M. N., *Bush, D. Z., *Anania, E. C., *Ito, T., *Marte, D. A., Rice, S., & Winter, S. R. (2019). Cultural and political attitudes towards paying to support airport sustainability projects. International Journal of Sustainable Aviation, 5(1), 54-69.
  3. Winter, S. R. & *Trombley, J. (Accepted). A prediction model for the type of consumer willing to travel to and live on Mars. International Journal of Aviation Research.
  4. *Milner, M. N., Rice, S., Winter, S. R., & *Anania, E. C. (Accepted). The effect of political affiliation on support for police drone monitoring. Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems.
  5. Rice, S. & Winter, S. R. (2019). Do gender and age affect willingness to ride in driverless vehicles: If so, then why? Technology in Society, 58, 1-7.
  6. Rice, S., Winter, S. R., Mehta, R., & *Ragbir, N. K. (2019). What factors predict the type of person who is willing to fly in an autonomous commercial airplane? Journal of Air Transport Management, 75, 131-138.
  7. *Anania, E.C., Rice, S., *Pierce, M., Winter, S.R., *Capps, J., *Walters, N. & *Milner, M. (2019). Public support for police drone missions depends on political affiliation and neighborhood demographics. Technology in Society, 57, 95-103.
  8. Winter, S. R., *Milner, M. N., *Anania, E.C., Rice, S., *Walters, N. W., *Garcia, D., & *Baugh, B. S. (2019). Examining the perception and effectiveness of a system awareness briefing during cruise flight. Collegiate Aviation Review International, 37(1), 1-18.
  9. Rice, S., Winter, S. R., Mehta, R., Keebler, J. R., *Baugh, B. S., *Anania, E. C., & *Milner, M. N. (2019). Does length of ride, gender or nationality affect willingness to ride in a driverless ambulance. Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems, 7, 39-55.
  10. *Marte, D. A., *Anania, E. C., Rice, S., Mehta, R., *Milner, M. N., Winter, S. R., *Walters, N., *Capps, J., & *Ragbir, N. (2018). What type of person supports 24/7 police drones over neighborhoods? A regression analysis. Journal of Unmanned Aerial Systems, 4(1), 61-70.
  11. Winter, S. R., Rice, S., Mehta, R., *Walters, N. W., *Pierce, M. B., *Anania, E. C., *Milner, M. N., & Rao, N. (Accepted). Do Americans differ in their willingness to ride in a driverless bus? Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems.
  12. Rice, S., Winter, S. R., *Anania, E. C., Tamilselvan, G., & Doherty, S. (2018). Commercial airline pilots’ attitudinal data on controlled rest in position: A qualitative inquiry. Collegiate Aviation Review International, 36(2), 71-91.
  13. *Ragbir, N. K., *Baugh, B. S., Rice, S., & Winter, S. R. (2018). How nationality, weather, wind, and distance affect consumer willingness to fly in autonomous airplanes. Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering, 8(1), 2-10.
  14. Winter, S.R., Keebler, J. R., Rice, S., Mehta, R., & *Baugh, B.S. (2018). Patient perceptions on the use of an autonomous emergency medical transport: An affective perspective. Transportation Research Part F, 58, 431-441.
  15. *Walters, N. W., Rice, S., Winter, S. R., *Baugh, B. S., *Ragbir, N. K., *Anania, E. C., *Capps, J., & *Milner, M. N. (2018). Consumer willingness to pay for new airports that use renewable resources. The International Journal of Sustainable Aviation, 4(2), 79-98.
  16. *Anania, E.C., Rice, S., *Walters, N., *Pierce, M., Winter, S.R., & *Milner, M.N. (2018). The effects of positive and negative Information on consumers’ willingness to ride in a driverless vehicle. Transport Policy, 72, 218-224. Exhibited in Elsevier Special Article Collection on the Human Side of Autonomous Driving.
  17. *Anania, E.C., Rice, S., Winter, S.R., *Milner, M.N., *Walters, N.W., & *Pierce, M. (2018). Why people are not willing to let their children ride on driverless school buses: A gender and nationality comparison. Social Sciences, 7(3), 1-17. doi: 10.3390/socsci7030034
  18. Rice, S., *Tamilselvan, G., Winter, S.R., *Milner, M.N., *Anania, E.C., *Sperlak, L., & *Marte, D. A. (2018). Public perception of UAS privacy concerns: A gender comparison. Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems, 6(1), 1-17. doi: https://doi.org/10.1139/juvs-2017-0011
  19. Rice, S. & Winter, S. R. To drive or fly: Will driverless cars significantly disrupt commercial airline travel? The International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 5(1), 1-9.
  20. Winter, S.R., Milner, M.N., Rice, S., Bush, D., Marte, D.A., Adkins, E., Roccasecca, A., Rosser, T.G., & Tamilselvan, G. (2018). Pilot performance comparison between electronic and paper instrument approach charts. Safety Science, 103, 280-286.
  21. Rice, S., Winter, S.R., Doherty, S. & *Milner, M.N. (2017). Advantages and disadvantages of using internet-based survey methods in aviation-related research. Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering, 7(1), 58-65.
  22. Rice, S., Winter, S.R., *Tamilselvan, G., & *Milner, M.N. (2017). Attitudes toward controlled rest in position (CRIP): A gender comparison between pilots and non-pilots. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 4(3), 1-33.
  23. Coyne, B, Rice, S., Winter, S.R., *Tamilselvan, G. & Drechsel, P. (2017). Simulation challenges: Student perception of air traffic control simulation. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 4(3), 1-27
  24. Winter, S.R., Rice, S., *Milner, M.N., Coyne, W., Lauth, M., & Rinkinen, C. (2017). A conceptual model for a Universal Severity of Emergency Report (USER): An example in aviation. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 4(3), 1-10.
  25. *Rains, T., Winter, S.R., Rice, S., *Milner, M., *Bledsaw, Z., & *Anania, E.C. (2017). Biofuel and commercial aviation: Will consumers pay more for it? International Journal of Sustainable Aviation, 3(3), 217-232.
  26. *Mehta, R., Rice, S., Winter, S.R., & *Eudy, M. (2017). Perceptions of cockpit configurations: A culture and gender analysis. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 27(1-2), 57-63.
  27. Winter, S. R., Rice, S., *Rains, T., *Milner, M., & *Mehta, R. (2017). A longitudinal study on the alteration of consumer perceptions and the use of pilot medication. Journal of Air Transport Management, 59, 100-106.
  28. *Mehta, R., Rice, S., Winter, S. R., & Buza, P. (2017). Cabin depressurization as a hijacking mitigation tactic: A consumer perceptions study. Collegiate Aviation Review International, 35(1), 13-24.
  29. Winter, S. R., Rice, S., *Friedenreich, K., *Mehta, R., & *Kaiser, B. (2017). Passenger perceptions toward the federal flight deck officer program and their willingness to fly. Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 7(1), 7-17.
  30. Rice, S., Winter, S. R., *Mehta, R., *Winter, R., & Rice, A. (in press). Consumer perceptions of aircraft safety scale (C-PASS): An empirically developed scale for American consumers. The Technology Collection.
  31. Rice, S., Winter, S. R., Deaton, J. E., & Cremer, I. (2016). What are the predictors of system-wide trust loss in transportation automation? Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering 6(1), 108.
  32. Winter, S. R., Rice, S., *Mehta, R., *Winter, R., *Reid, K., & Cremer, I. (2016). Using system-wide trust theory to make predictions about trust in transportation automation. Journal of Technologies and Human Usability, 12(2), 1-11.
  33. *Remy, B., Winter, S. R., & Rice, S. (2016). Consumer trust in pilots part 2: An affective perspective. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social and Community Studies, (11)2, 35-45.
  34. Winter, S. R., Rice, S., *Tamilselvan, G., & *Tokarski, R. (2016). Mission-based citizen views on UAV usage and privacy: An affective perspective. Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 4, 1-11 doi: 10.1139/juvs-2015-0031.
  35. Rice, S, Winter, S. R., & *Tokarski, R. (2015) How trust in commercial airline pilots is affected by their perceived sociability: A mediation analysis. Collegiate Aviation Review, 33(2), 1-15.
  36. Rice, S. & Winter, S. R. (2015). Which emotions mediate the relationship between type of pilot configuration and willingness to fly? Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 5(2), 83-92.
  37. Winter, S. R., *Carryl, J., & Rice, S. (2015). Controlled rest in position (CRIP): Consumer perceptions in the United States. Collegiate Aviation Review, 33(1), 14-28.
  38. Rice, S., Winter, S. R., *Kraemer, K., *Mehta, R., & Oyman, K. (2015). How do depression medications taken by pilots affect passengers’ willingness to fly? A mediation analysis. Review of European Studies, 7(11), 200-212.
  39. Rice, S., *Mehta, R., Winter, S.R., & Oyman, K. (2015). A Trustworthiness of Commercial Airline Pilots (T-CAP) Scale for American Consumers. Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering, 4(2), 55-63. 
  40. Winter, S. R., Rice, S., *Reid, K. M., & *Mehta, R. (2015). Consistency of aviation students when taking the private pilot knowledge exam. Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Educational Research, 24(2), 21-38.
  41. Winter, S. R., Rice, S., *Mehta, R., Cremer, I., *Reid, K. M., Rosser, T. R., & Moore, J. C. (2015). Indian and American consumer perceptions of cockpit configuration. Journal of Air Transport Management, 42, 226-231.
  42. Cremer, I., Rice, S., & Winter, S.R. (2015). Attitudes toward sustainability between Indians and Americans on water reuse for different purposes at airports. International Journal of Sustainable Aviation, 1(3), 234-244.
  43. Winter, S.R. & Rice, S. (2015). Pilots who are perceived as unsociable are perceived as more likely to have a mental illness: An affective perspective. Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 5(1), 36-44.
  44. *Mehta, R., Rice, S., Winter, S.R. (2014). Examining the relationship between familiarity and reliability of automation in the cockpit. Collegiate Aviation Review, 32(2), 1-13.
  45. Rice, S., *Mehta, R., Steelman, L. & Winter, S.R. (2014). A trustworthiness of commercial airline pilots (T-CAP) scale for Indian consumers. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 1(3), 1-15.
  46. Winter, S. R., Fanjoy, R. O., Lu, C. T., Carney, T. Q., & Greenan, J. P. (2014). Decision to use an airframe parachute in a flight training environment. Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering, 3(2), 28-34.
  47. Winter, S. R., Rice, S., Rosser, T. G., *Mehta, R., & Rice, A. (2014) Consumer perceptions of starting regional pilot pay given additional qualifications. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 1(2), 1-18.
  48. Winter, S. R. & Rice, S. (2014). Student self-awareness in test-taking consistency during assessments. The International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation, 21(1), 1-9.
  49. Rice, S., *Kraemer, K., Winter, S. R., *Mehta, R., Dunbar, V., Rosser, T. G., & Moore, J. C. (2014). Passengers from India and the United States have differential opinions about autonomous auto-pilots for commercial flights. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 1(1), 1-12.
  50. Winter, S. R., Rice, S., & *Mehta, R. (2014). Aviation consumers’ trust in pilots: A cognitive or emotional function. International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace, 1(1), 1-18.

Dr. Winter worked for Cirrus Aircraft in the Flight Standards and Operations Department, where he managed the company check flight program. He was responsible for the oversight of over 100 company pilots and provided international flight standards support and aircraft training in locations such as France, Germany, UK, Australia, Brazil, and South Africa. Dr. Winter also served as a technical writer where he helped develop training manuals and materials for customer and employee pilots. He also worked with customers of new Cirrus Aircraft to provide training and aircraft ferrying services.

  • Airline Transport Pilot
  • Certified Flight Instructor
  • Certified Flight Instructor Instrument
  • Multi-Engine Flight Instructor